Dr. Patricia Kurtz
Challenging Behavior: Functional Assessment, Functional Analysis, Treatment, and Beyond
Early Identification and Prevention of Challenging Behavior in Young Children with Autism/Developmental Disabilities
Dr. Patricia Kurtz is the director of Neurobehavioral Outpatient Services in Kennedy Krieger Institute's Department of Behavioral Psychology. She is also an associate professor in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
Dr. Kurtz’s research has focused on the assessment and treatment of self-injurious behavior, aggression and other severe behavior problems exhibited by individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities. This includes the development of intensive behavioral treatment approaches for problem behavior, as well as evaluation of generalization of treatment effects and long-term outcome following inpatient or outpatient treatment.
Dr. Kurtz’s primary research interest is the emergence of self-injurious behavior in infants and children. Current studies focus on identification of risk factors associated with the onset and persistence of self-injurious behavior in young children, provision of early behavioral treatment for self-injury, development of early intervention and prevention models for severe behavior disorders, and development of education and training programs for parents and professionals.
Dr. Lewis Bizo
Title: Experimental Analysis of Behaviour: Somethings I have learned about reinforcers and stimulus control
The experimental analysis of behaviour is a science of behaviour that is built on a rich research tradition that focusses on the deliberate and detailed observation of variables that control behaviour. The emphasis has always been on the observation of individuals and descriptions of behaviour that facilitate prediction and control. At the heart of these explanations is an appreciation of what some would call the three-term contingency: Antecedents – Behaviour - Consequences – the ABCs. My talk will focus on two of these – Antecedents and Consequences. Stimulus control is an area of study that focusses on antecedents – where antecedents might also include context, or the setting conditions as well as the study of stimuli that are deliberately associated with reinforcer delivery. Reinforcer control as an area of study focusses on the control exerted on behaviour by consequences, and draws on a diverse range of ideas and traditions such as Michael’s motivating operations, Timberlake’s Behaviour Systems, Premack’s Principles – and so much more. This talk will draw together research findings from research with human and non-human animals and explore their relevance and translation to applied settings.
Lewis Bizo completed his Ph.D. at the University of Otago in 1994 before working as a Postdoctoral Fellow at Arizona State University, and has subsequently worked in the UK, Australia, and New Zealand as an academic. He is currently a Professor of Psychology in the School of Psychology and Behavioural Science at the University of New England, Armidale NSW. Lewis’ research interests are many and varied. He publishes regularly on stimulus control and generalisation, schedules of reinforcement and reinforcer preference.